PHYSICS

CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

Details:-

• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and

society.

• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units,

fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy

and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant

figures.

• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT II: Kinematics

Details:-

• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and

velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous

velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs,

for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.

Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors,

general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a

real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.

• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.

• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform

velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws of Motion

Details:-

• Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and

Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of

conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

• Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction,

rolling friction, lubrication.

• Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular

motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

Final Syllabus for NEET-UG

6

UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power

Details:-

• Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy

theorem, power.

• Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces;

conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative

forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in

one and two dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Details:-

• Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of

mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.

• Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular

momentum with some examples.

• Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion,

comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of

gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).

Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

Details:-

• Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation.

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

• Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital

velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

Details:-

• Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk

modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.

• Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and

turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

• Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure,

application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Final Syllabus for NEET-UG

7

• Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and

gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry;

change of state – latent heat.

• Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation.

Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green

House effect.

• Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

Details:-

• Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of

Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of

thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

• Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat

engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

Details:-

• Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

• Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and

temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only)

and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.

UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves

Details:-

• Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic

functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of

a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential

energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free,

forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

• Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion.

Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of

waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes,

fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect

CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

Details:-

• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and

society.

• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units,

fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy

and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant

figures.

• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT II: Kinematics

Details:-

• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and

velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous

velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs,

for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.

Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors,

general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a

real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.

• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.

• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform

velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws of Motion

Details:-

• Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and

Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of

conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

• Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction,

rolling friction, lubrication.

• Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular

motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

Final Syllabus for NEET-UG

6

UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power

Details:-

• Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy

theorem, power.

• Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces;

conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative

forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in

one and two dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Details:-

• Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of

mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.

• Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular

momentum with some examples.

• Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion,

comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of

gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).

Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

Details:-

• Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation.

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

• Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital

velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

Details:-

• Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk

modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.

• Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and

turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

• Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure,

application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Final Syllabus for NEET-UG

7

• Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and

gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry;

change of state – latent heat.

• Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation.

Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green

House effect.

• Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

Details:-

• Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of

Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of

thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

• Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat

engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

Details:-

• Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

• Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and

temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only)

and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.

UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves

Details:-

• Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic

functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of

a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential

energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free,

forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

• Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion.

Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of

waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes,

fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect

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